How to explain to children what a solar eclipse is

How to explain to children what a solar eclipse is

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Many phenomena that occur In nature they catch children's attention and make them wonder why they happen and how they happen. Like the moon phases, the reason for tornadoes or different natural reasons, children are also attracted to the sun and everything that concerns it.

One of the great children's questions has to do with solar eclipses, which are not produced too often but which make the little ones want to know how they are produced and why.

1. What is a solar eclipse? An eclipse in general terms occurs thanks to three fundamental protagonists in the sky: the moon, planet Earth and the sun. The solar eclipse is the one that occurs when the moon covers the sun so that we do not see its brightness, and it makes us see it darkened because we are on Earth, and the moon has interposed between our planet and the sun.

2. When does a solar eclipse occur?We have to be clear that it is the moon that 'covers' the sun and casts its shadow on the Earth, but as for when this phenomenon occurs, this could only happen when the moon is new. That is, a waning or waxing moon could never cover the sun and produce an eclipse.

3. What types of solar eclipse are there? Although the new moon is in charge of carrying out this process, it cannot always completely cover the sun, so we would be facing different types of sun eclipses. The first of them is him partial solar eclipse, which leaves the sun as if it were the crescent moon, since it only covers it a little. Another eclipse is the semi-partial solar, which is relatively larger than the partial one but does not completely cover the sun. Then we would find the total solar eclipse, in which from the perspective of the Earth, the moon has managed to completely 'darken' the sun. Finally, there is the annular solar eclipse, which leaves a ring of the sun visible from our planet.

4. ¿How is a solar eclipse different from a lunar eclipse? For a eclipse, both the Sun and the Moon must have an approximate distance from planet Earth. Each of them is produced separately, and we already know that when a solar eclipse occurs, the moon is in charge of 'covering' the sun facing the earth. In the case of lunar eclipses, it is planet Earth that stands between the sun and the moon, darkening it. This can only happen with a full moon, since it will be at this moment when the Earth manages to establish the shadow over it.

5. How often is there a solar eclipse? This is one of the most common questions in children. Once they know what a Sun eclipse, how it is produced, when and why, the relative questions about the next time they will be able to enjoy it are those that are repeated the most. It is important to know that every year there are two eclipses of the sun. This phenomenon is repeated twice every year due to the position of the sun and the Earth in a new moon.

It is very important to know that a Sun eclipse They cannot be seen without the help of a telescope or approved glasses, as it can seriously damage your eyesight. For the two times a year that this very special natural phenomenon occurs, it is convenient to have one of these devices so that our eyesight does not suffer any damage.

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Video: Lunar Eclipse. The Dr. Binocs Show. Educational Videos For Kids (February 2023).